Interior design styles
2013-03-08 Interior Design Articles and Stories
Interior design styles
ACCESSORIES– Many luxurious cushions with fringes and tassels at the corners. The cushions were everywhere, even thrown on the floor.
Small sculptures, busts, gilded frames.
The Baroque style was extremely magnificent and extravagant. The houses were all in silk and gilt.
WALLS – Figured painted paneling or painted walls in contrasting colors – green and yellow, gold and blue,
burgundy with ivory. The mouldings are richly curved and for the first time as a decoratve element
the cornices have appeared. The rooms looked so balanced and luxurious.
CEILINGS – Ceillings had glamorous murals depicting the Gods and Goddesses.
FLOORS – intricated inlaid wooden and stone floors covered with luxurious Persian rugs.
WINDOWS – Sash windows with a heavy, dramatic curains with gold and silver tessels. Windows and doors latches were very popular.
LIGHT FIXTURES– Large brass chandeliers, pewter candlestick, mirrored sconces
FABRICS- Silk and velvet
FURNITURE – Marquetry, gilted furniture or lacquered furniture. Furniture are upholstered with a velvet, silk or leather for a luxurious feeling.
Carved cupboards; high backed chairs with scroll legs, x framed stretches and lion paw feet.
LIGHT FIXTURES – Iron chandeliers. Tiffany table and floor lamps were typical for this deco style.
ACCESSORIES – doll houses, portraits, miniatures, photographs and china-ware.
Victorian style was characterized by richness of colors and materials. It was promted by the need of social origin delimitation.
Victorian interiors were rich and luxurious.
WALLS – Were divided into separate section as each of them were differently decoarted. The dado section was
usually covered by a rich wallpaper, silk or frieze in order to protect the walls from scratches
and to conseal eventual damp. Cornices, moldings and ceiling meadilons were typical elements for this period.
FLOORS- Parquet and inlayed wood patterns with stennciled borders. Rich, heavy, luxurios carpets were very fashionable.
FIREPLACE – Mix of wood and marble exquisitely decorated the same as the staircases. A massive clock above the fireplace was an integral part of its design as well as many accessories on the mantelpiece.
Stairs and doors were made of stained timber, so it could appear as a rich looking wood.
WINDOWS – Often bay windows with stained glasses with heavy, very rich velvet or silk draperies.
FURNITURE – Victorian furniture were solid looking, plump, softly upholstered. Predominant wood used for the dining furniture was mahagony .
LIGHT FIXTURES – Chandeliers and candlesticks made of wrought iron.
ACCESSORIES – as many candles as could be placed; brocade decorative pillows, lots of velvet used on the bedding and on the upoholstery.
The Gothic style was an ecclesiastical style, simbolizing the triumph of the Catholoc church over European paganism.
The most specific characteristic of Gothic Style was its architecture. The walls were like exquisite laces with large arched windows with stained glasses.
FLOORS – Floors were covered with large dark stones or very dark wood.
WALLS – scenic murals, trompe-l’oeil or stenciled heraldic designs in general dark dramatic colors.
FURNITURE – were massive oak furniture with fretwork. Carved trefoils wooden furniture- the chairs and bed frames appear to be spiral turned and dining room furniture featured monastic look.
Inspired by Greek and Rome architecture, Georgian style was the choice of the eighteenth century.
Just then the terrace development and town squares have appeared dictated by the need of imposing and representative houses for many professional man and their large families in order to be close to their work palces.
The Georgian architectue facades were mostly made of stone or brick with fanlight above the entrance, iron lamp-posts, wooden shutters and stone walkways.
WALLS: wood paneling up to the dado; chair rails; crown mouldings; Pale wall colors such as sage, very light blue, gray and beige, cream. Some Chinese floral motifs could be oftenly seen ( peonies and chrysanthemum).
In the luxurious houses murals were famous.
FLOORS: Wood floors covered with oriental rugs. Plush floral carpets and in the grander houses marble floors were most common.
WINDOWS: Sash windows with heavy, dramatic draperies decorated tightened up with tassels and fringes.
Sheers were used all together with wooden blinds or Holland blinds.
LIGHT FIXTURES: Crystal and brass chandeliers; wall scones.
FURNITURE: The walnut furniture have replaced mahagony ones. Carving legs and arms were typical of this period as well as the ball and claw feets.
Most often used fabrics were the luxurious – brocate, damask and also the tapestry were used.
Bookcases were a famous furniture piece in the wealthy homes.
ACCESSORIES:Craved pictured frames, snuff bottles, linens, lacquer ware, silver tea services, landscape wall pictures.
ROCOCO – ( Louis XVIstyle)
Rococo ( rocaille ) described rock-and-shell decoration and design.
FURNITURE – Small, richly deocrated and extremely pilable designed. Asymmetrical with cabriole legs they were made of cherry, pear, chestnut and beech wood or painted and gilted. The furniture were really an exquisite art work.
LIGHT FIXTURES– Wall scones and gilted chandeliers
FABRICS – mostly used was the silk, but printed cotton was fashionable as well.
WALLS – Widespread colours were the pastel colours, but among the high society the magenta, the deep green and some other strong colours were very trendy.
ACCESSORIES– Lots of drapperies, ribbons and flowers; many candles
WALLS – were either paneled in oak and pine or they were painted in soble colours ( dull green, off-white, shades of brown and red) with crown moulding and chair rails.
WINDOWS – Sash windows with wooden shutters or pull up blinds; wooden blinds; swags, rope tassels and fringles.
LIGHT FIXTURES – Queen Anne chandeliers were made of brass and crystal all though the most specific light fixtures
characterizing this period were the brass candlesticks throughout the premises.
FLOORS– Wood floors, covered with oriental rugs or plush carpets. Intrinsic to luxurious estates were the marble floors.
FABRICS– The mainly used fabrics during the Queen Amme period were the damasks, needleworks and chintzs.
ACCESSORIES – many mirrors, carved picture frames, sculptures, busts, fans.
FURNITURE – The furniture were solid walnut with sipmle design. Typical to this period chairs are high backed with fiddle shaped and carbiole legs; winged armchairs and chest of drawers.
FURNITURE: Built in furniture; Simple designed furniture made of solid oak (influenced by the Japanese design).
Developed by Gustav Stickley in 1904, Cratfsman Style was all about simplicity and craftsman work accentuating on natural materials and function.
FLOORS: Only wood and stone floors were accepted (mostly oak) in this period. Indian, Turkish or Persian carpet/ rugs
were used for a completeness and cosiness.
WALLS: The walls in this period were divided into three parts – dado, field and freeze. Other popular elements were
stenciled frizes, Japanese wallpapers and tapestry hanged on the walls.
WINDOWS: The natural light was very important so the large windows were very famous. Leaded or stained glasses characterized this period.
LIGHT FIXTURES: Art and craft light fixtures and Tiffany lapms